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Cause Paragraph Outline

Outline: Basic Cause Paragraph

As we mentioned, cause-and-effect paragraphs are about only one thing: either causes (reasons) or effects (results). Take a look at the banana peel above. If you're writing an effects (results) paragraph, the effects are pretty clear: You can slip on a banana peel.

If you're doing a cause paragraph, you're looking for the causes of slipping. A banana peel might be one cause, a newly waxed floor might be another and ice coated sidewalks might be the third and most important (common) reason.

In this cause paragraph, you are writing about the causes of something such as drug addiction, smoking, divorce or crime. Again, if you're writing about smoking, you might have something along the lines of:

"While experts claim that millions of smokers start between the ages of 11 and 13,
something must be done to eliminate the three major reasons that young teens and children start smoking.""

You then write about the main reasons that youths smoke. This probably requires some research, because you may need to document what you claim.
Below, pick the cause of something important and write the three reasons in order of importance.


Topic Sentence - the Top Bun

Your topic sentence goes here. If I write that smoking or drug addiction is a problem,
I need to list the three most important reasons that people smoke or use drugs


Try to limit your causes/reasons to one word

The Most Important Cause (Reason) -- the Meat

The Second Most Important Cause (Reason) - the Tomato

First (or Least Important) Cause - the Lettuce

Conclusion - the Bottom Bun

The bottom bun looks a lot like the top bun.
A conclusion can be something as simple as, "Those are the causes of addiction that need to be addressed."

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