Sentry Page Protection
Cause/Effect Paragraph Explanation

Cause-and-Effect Paragraph and Essay


A cause-and-effect paragraph deals with the cause or effect of some issue that's either negative or positive. A positive issue would, "Why the sto" be a rise in the price of a company's stock. The cause (reasons) paragraph or essay would be: "Why did it go up?"" The effects (results) paragraph or essay would be, "How will the rise in the stock price change the way the company does business?"

In either case, the three sentences must focus on either the causes (the reasons) or the effects (the results), but not both.

Often, the issue you write about will deal with a controversial topic. For instance:

* Global warming
* Smoking
* Opioid addition
* Divorce
* Homelessness
* Obesity

With each of these you can address the causes (reasons) or the effects (results). For instance, you might ask, "What behaviors cause divorce?" At the same time, "What is the effect of divorce on children?"

With smoking, you might address the causes (reasons) the people starts smoking, or the effects (results) of smoking. An example or a topic sentence for a cause (reasons) paragraph:

"While everyone agreeing that smoking should be discouraged, there is little research and the reason children start smoking, often starting as youn as 13 years old."


An example of a results paragraph:

"While the reasons children start smoking at the age of 13 are clear, some believe an effective way to deter them would be to address results of smoking that might convince children to avoid starting."


In many respects, the cause essays is like the reason essay, but the causes (reasons) have more of an impact on an important issue. The fact that I like to vacation somewhere for three reasons has far less impact than the three reasons people become addicted to opioids.

With each of these paragraphs, as you can see above, if you write a cause (reasons) paragraph, you need to address the effects (results) in the topic sentence.

The first thing you need to determine is whether you are writing about the causes (the reasons) or the effects (the results).

Click here for a cause paragraph



Click here for an effect paragraph


Created by Linguistic Solutions
A division of Raver-Lampman & Associates

EssayMaps Homepage